Road Infrastructure refers to the physical infrastructure of a road, which include not just the road itself, the traffic volume it can accommodate, the maintenance and other expenses that are required in its running, and all other related infrastructure. It includes the physical infrastructure like: roads, traffic lights, drainage systems, etc. The concept of road infrastructure was evolved in the nineteenth century when railway engineers came up with the concept of a transport infrastructure on the basis of roads. A road is an important element of a well-developed metropolitan or veracity. In large metropolitan areas, all the major public transports (railways, metro buses, taxis etc) are operated from these roads. This makes road network extremely important.
Today, road infrastructure covers all the important public transportation needs such as bus services, commuter railway services, taxis, motor bikes, cars, trucks etc. The highways network has become increasingly more important with the increase in the number of vehicles as well as the number of people driving them. Road infrastructures help in the efficient management of the movement of vehicles on the highways. They also form an essential part of the overall transport infrastructure, helping in the smooth movement of freight and passengers. The major functions performed by road infrastructures include the provision of speed barriers, traffic signals, vehicle tracking systems etc.
Recently, road infrastructure construction projects have increased manifold. One of the most prominent reasons for this growth is the rising number of traffic infrastructures constructed in a particular metropolitan area. There are several reasons behind this trend. One is that road construction projects require a lesser amount of manpower than most other forms of construction projects. This is mainly because roads do not have to be completely reconstructed just to add or modify something to the roads like railways and metro buses. However, it still requires proper maintenance so that road infrastructure can serve its useful purpose for a longer period of time.
In addition to this, the road infrastructure is highly portable. This means that they can easily be transferred from one place to another. For instance, if an airport in Atlanta wants to expand its services then it can easily get constructed near Atlanta University to accommodate more people. Similarly, roads and bridges can be relocated to different locations in the UK depending upon the needs of the local population. This enables easy transfer of people and goods from one place to another. The process of relocation also becomes faster as road infrastructure always needs less maintenance.
Moreover, road infrastructure construction projects often require cheaper labor and less material in comparison to other forms of construction projects. Because of this factor, they prove to be much more beneficial as they help in improving the quality of life of the local residents. They help in reducing the pressure on the natural resources and thereby provide a boost to the economy. The above mentioned benefits provided by road infrastructure are due to their considerable contribution towards improved quality of life.
However, many critics believe that the road infrastructure has not been able to create substantial value creation. They argue that the infrastructure has not been able to serve its purpose due to the poor design and lack of maintenance. These critics further argue that road agencies often fail to incorporate basic elements such as safety and security for road users. Despite this, road agencies maintain that effective road infrastructure enhances both the quality of life and economic productivity.
Road construction companies across the country are focusing on providing reliable and cost-efficient road infrastructure construction projects. Therefore, the success of these projects depends on several factors such as the expertise of the contractors and the ability of the contractors to work within the stipulated budget. These factors require collaboration among the contractors, the local government and the contractors themselves. For instance, various road agencies cooperate with one another so as to ensure that major road works are carried out efficiently.
In fact, the success of these projects depends on the fact-based decision-making that takes place at the planning stages. The process involves collecting information from local stakeholders and evaluating them in order to find out the key factors affecting the project. Once the evaluation is done, the project then moves to the planning, designing and construction phases. Following are some of the key factors affecting the success of road infrastructure construction projects.